Web Literacy Basics II | Fair Use Free-for-All
Made by Mozilla, released under the CC-BY-SA license
You will conduct a reverse image search to find information about a subject online and then revise a webpage with their own text and images while learning how to compose, evaluate, navigate, use open practice, remix, search, share, and synthesize.
Web Literacy Skills
ReadEvaluate Navigate Search
21st Century Skills
- Identify and evaluate examples of fair use, open licensing, and copyrigted materials.
- Swap out images on a webpage.
- Conduct reverse image-searches.
- Beginner web users
- Internet-connected learner computers
- An Internet-connected instructor computer with a projector
In this lesson, your learners will:
- Play "Two Truths and a Lie" to practice distinguishing between different kinds of information.
- Learn the definitions and differences between copyright, fair use, and open licensing.
- Conduct reverse-image searches to determine the licensing of 3 images/
- Remix this Thimble project with 3 new images to create their own Fair-Use Free-for-All challenges.
- Try each other's remixed challenges and explain how they found the licensing for each picture.
- Reflect on their learning.
Do the activity on your own to become familiar with fair use, open licensing, copyright, search, reverse-image search, and embedding images in a webpage.
- Follow this link to the Thimble project for this activity.
- Click on the green "Remix" button in the upper right-hand corner of the window to go into the project's code.
- Click on the "Tutorial" pane next to the "Preview" pane in the upper right-hand corner of the coding window.
- Follow the steps in the tutorial to complete the activity. You may also need to check back here and complete some of the steps in this lesson plan to successfully finish the Thimble project.
You may also wish to set up accounts on Thimble. This will save time later when learners are ready to embed images in their Thimble webpage remixes.
Review this definition of "Fair Use", so that you can help your learners (and colleagues!) understand the differences between fair use of copyrighted material, use of openly licensed resources, and copyright violations.
Be sure to make room in your learning space for learners to move around during the activity.
Post the URL, or Web address, of today's project somewhere highly visible in your room. You may want to post it as a shortened link using a service like bit.ly.
Be prepared to help learners exercise good judgment and common sense around image searches in this activity. You'll want to be alert to the possibility of image results you weren't expecting and have some norms or expectations in place for community member's behavior when they encounter questionable content online.
2. Introduction15 minutes
Welcome your learners and ask for some ideas about how they know if people are telling the truth or not.
After a few people have shared answers with the group, explain that today we'll all have the chance to bluff one another while learning about fair use, open licenses, and copyright.
Explain that to begin, and to get to know one another better, we'll play "Two Truths and a Lie."
To play this game, you tell another person three things about yourself. One of those things is a lie, but the other two are truths. You can mix and match amazing things (like, "I've skydived twelve times!") with tiny, simple things (like, "I love cheesecake.") or just use one or the other to create confusion for your partner-slash-opponent.
Facilitate the game and a short, reflective conversation as follows:
- Give learners 2-3 minutes to think of their personal "facts."
- Then ask your learners to get up and move around and play the game with as many people as possible in the next 5 minutes. While playing, ask learners to keep track of how many times they are right about an opponent.
- Remind learners that it's great to bring creativity and humor to an activity like this, but that we're not here to endanger or offend anyone. We should respect community norms when we tell our stories and focus on our sharing our experiences, not judging other people's.
- After five minutes, bring the group back together and say something like, "Raise your hand if you were right about at least one person." Then, keep asking, but go from one person to two people and so on until you find out which learners were right the most times about their classmates. Deliver some positive feedback after each round of hand-raising (like, "Good job figuring that out!").
- After your group discovers its winner(s), ask learners how they would fact-check one another if they could use a computer or mobile device while playing. Would that make the game harder or easier? What kind of searches would they make? What search terms would they use?
After a brief discussion along those lines, explain that today we're going to check one another's work against fair use, open licenses, and copyright law by remixing webpages and playing a game of gotcha with one another's work.
Ask learners to sit at their computers and go to the webpage for today's activity.
3. Understanding Fair Use, Open Licensing, and Copyright10 minutes
Feel free to use slides like these to help explain fair use, open licensing, and copyright. Share the link to your learners, as well, so they can use the slides to find and evaluate images as examples of fair use, open licensing, or copyright violation.
Here are some essentials:
Fair use: you can quote or excerpt or use a small part of someone else's work without asking permission for
- for criticism or analysis (including making fun of it with satire).
- for reporting the news.
- for teaching (and learning).
- for research.
Open licensing: some creators share work for others to use under open licenses. Creative Commons is a popular open licensing platform with licenses you can mix and match like
- CC-BY: you can use the work and change it if you say who made it.
- CC-BY-SA: you can use the work and change it if you say who made it and also share your work the same way - or if you "share-alike."
- CC-BY-NC: you can use the work and change it if you say who made it and don't make money off your work - it's "non-commercial."
- CC-BY-ND: you can use the work if you say who made it and if you only share it without changing it - it's "non-derivative."
Copyright: You made the work and you own it and have a claim to all copies of it. Unless you license your work openly, it is copyrighted and people can only use tiny bits for fair use unless they make an agreement with you to use more. You have to get permission from a copyright holder and agree on a license to use a copyrighted work for anything more than fair use.
4. Playing Fair Use Free-for-All45 minutes
Now that we've reviewed fair use, open licenses, and copyright, we're going to play Fair Use Free-for-All (which is like Two Truths and a Lie) using a remixable webpage on Thimble.
Help learners get to Fair Use Free-for-All, the Thimble project we'll remix today. Take learners through the page. Point out the definition of fair use and the three pictures with check boxes underneath them.
Explain that learners will
- Take about 10 minutes to find three pictures online: one that can be used for fair use, one that has an open license, and one that is copyrighted.
- Take another 10 minutes to swap the pictures on the webpage out for the three pictures they find. To do so, learners can hit the "Remix" button on today's Thimble project and then click on the "Tutorial" tab in the upper right-hand side of the screen to work through swapping the images.
- Switch computers with a partner.
- Take 10-15 minutes to search for how their partners' images are licensed to determine if they are examples of fair use, open licensing, or copyright violation (if a partner does not have permission to use a specific, copyrighted image and is not practicing fair use). learners can show what they think by clicking the matching checkbox under each picture on their partners' Thimble pages.
Remind learners to use the tutorial inside the Thimble project to help them learn how to search out images online. The tutorial also has steps to explain how learners can conduct reverse-image searches to see their partners' images on the webpages that use them. By looking at the webpages that hold the images, learners can determine how the images are used in their partners Thimble pages.
Also remind learners that not all online images are appropriate for your shared community. learners should follow your community norms both in searching for images and using them in their projects. It should be a goal not to offend others with images or search results. Common sense and care for others in the community are parts of the sharing competency in today's activity.
After learners check which kind of use they think goes with each picture, the partners should get together for a final 5-10 minutes, explain their choices to one another, and then come to an agreement on each picture using their combined best judgment.
5. Sharing Aloud10 minutes
Take 10 minutes for each pair of learners to explain how they determined whether their pictures were examples of fair use, open licensing, or copyright violation.
6. Reflection and Assessment15 minutes
Facilitate a reflective discussion about balancing creator and users' rights with fair use, open licensing, and copyright.
Before you begin, remind learners of community norms about kindness and encourage them to talk about their own learning, not about other people.
Use questions like these or develop your own.
- Did you know that when you use Thimble, like in today's project, you agree to terms of service that say you give every Thimble user "a non-exclusive, worldwide, sublicensable, royalty free license" to use your work? That means other Thimble users can remix what you've made without ever paying you. And you can remix other people's remixes too! What do you think of that? In your mind, how should a tool like Thimble handle "ownership" your work? Would it work if people had to pay to remix other people's projects?
- What would the world be like if we copyrighted everything?
- What would the world be like if we openly licensed everything?
- What do you think is a good balance between creators' copyright and users' rights to share and make stuff with things they buy? Like, is it okay to copy and share music? To sell your own shoes with a Nike swoosh painted on them? To make an app that doesn't do anything, but call it "Snapchat" and sell it online? How should we balance a creator's right to own a creation with a consumer's right to use what she bought how she wants?
- Would you rather copyright your work or openly license it? Why?
- Are you comfortable with other people, say, using part of your schoolwork under "fair use?" How much of the work you do should people be able to use before they have to ask you for permission to use it?
- How do things like fair use and open licensing challenge the idea of "copying" "cheating" at school?
- What are easy ways to tell if something is copyrighted or not?
- What are easy ways to tell if something is openly licensed or not?
- If you had questions about whether or not something was fair use, how would you find answers?
You may ask learners to document or record their answers for assessment. Be sure to help each learner find a way to share that works for her, as well as for you, so you can gauge her learning about today's topic without a particular tool (like paper/pencil) blocking a learner's expression.
If you or your learners are curious to learn more, check out this Introduction to HTML from the Mozilla Developer Network Learning Area.Next activity→The Planets and Accessibility
7. Optional: Badging
Steps to complete this task:
- Click on “Tutorial”.
- Follow the steps in the tutorial. The tutorial will walk you through how to make changes to the code.
- Once you are finished, you can save your work and share it. Log into your Webmaker account and hit "Publish."
Share a link to your remixed Fair Use Free-for-All challenge and/or upload a screenshot of your creation.
If you successfully complete the above, you will practice the following skills:
- Problem solving
The skills that you have learned through this activity can be recognized and validated by earning credentials or badges.
Through a partnership with the Open Badges Academy (OBA), you can earn over 15 Web Literacy and 21st Century Skills credentials or badges. Once you earn them, you can share the credentials/badges via your social media or resume or use them to connect with others.
If you are interested in applying for badges, visit the OBA and/or reach out to Matt Rogers or DigitalMe to schedule a demonstration.