Memory Distribution

Memory distributions are used to accumulate and store memory sizes.

Memory distributions are recorded in a histogram where the buckets have an exponential distribution, specifically with 16 buckets for every power of 2. That is, the function from a value \( x \) to a bucket index is:

\[ \lfloor 16 \log_2(x) \rfloor \]

This makes them suitable for measuring memory sizes on a number of different scales without any configuration.

Configuration

If you wanted to create a memory distribution to measure the amount of heap memory allocated, first you need to add an entry for it to the metrics.yaml file:

memory:
  heap_allocated:
    type: memory_distribution
    description: >
      The heap memory allocated
    memory_unit: kilobyte
    ...

API

Now you can use the memory distribution from the application's code.

For example, to measure the distribution of heap allocations:

import org.mozilla.yourApplication.GleanMetrics.Memory

fun allocateMemory(nbytes: Int) {
    // ...
    Memory.heapAllocated.accumulate(nbytes / 1024)
}

There are test APIs available too. For convenience, properties sum and count are exposed to facilitate validating that data was recorded correctly.

Continuing the heapAllocated example above, at this point the metric should have a sum == 11 and a count == 2:

import org.mozilla.yourApplication.GleanMetrics.Memory

// Was anything recorded?
assertTrue(Memory.heapAllocated.testHasValue())

// Get snapshot
val snapshot = Memory.heapAllocated.testGetValue()

// Does the sum have the expected value?
assertEquals(11, snapshot.sum)

// Usually you don't know the exact memory values, but how many should have been recorded.
assertEquals(2L, snapshot.count)

// Did this record a negative value?
assertEquals(1, Memory.heapAllocated.testGetNumRecordedErrors(ErrorType.InvalidValue))
func allocateMemory(nbytes: UInt64) {
    // ...
    Memory.heapAllocated.accumulate(nbytes / 1024)
}

There are test APIs available too. For convenience, properties sum and count are exposed to facilitate validating that data was recorded correctly.

Continuing the heapAllocated example above, at this point the metric should have a sum == 11 and a count == 2:

@testable import Glean

// Was anything recorded?
XCTAssert(Memory.heapAllocated.testHasValue())

// Get snapshot
let snapshot = try! Memory.heapAllocated.testGetValue()

// Does the sum have the expected value?
XCTAssertEqual(11, snapshot.sum)

// Usually you don't know the exact memory values, but how many should have been recorded.
XCTAssertEqual(2, snapshot.count)

// Did this record a negative value?
XCTAssertEqual(1, Memory.heapAllocated.testGetNumRecordedErrors(.invalidValue))
from glean import load_metrics
metrics = load_metrics("metrics.yaml")

def allocate_memory(nbytes):
    # ...
    metrics.memory.heap_allocated.accumulate(nbytes / 1024)

There are test APIs available too. For convenience, properties sum and count are exposed to facilitate validating that data was recorded correctly.

Continuing the heapAllocated example above, at this point the metric should have a sum == 11 and a count == 2:

# Was anything recorded?
assert metrics.memory.head_allocated.test_has_value()

# Get snapshot
snapshot = metrics.memory.heap_allocated.test_get_value()

# Does the sum have the expected value?
assert 11 == snapshot.sum

# Usually you don't know the exact memory values, but how many should have been recorded.
assert 2 == snapshot.count

# Did this record a negative value?
assert 1 == metrics.memory.heap_allocated.test_get_num_recorded_errors(
    ErrorType.INVALID_VALUE
)

Limits

  • The maximum memory size that can be recorded is 1 Terabyte (240 bytes). Larger sizes will be truncated to 1 Terabyte.

Examples

  • What is the distribution of the size of heap allocations?

Recorded errors

  • invalid_value: If recording a negative memory size.
  • invalid_value: If recording a size larger than 1TB.

Reference