# Using the experiments API

The Glean SDKs support tagging all their pings with experiments annotations. The annotations are useful to report that experiments were active at the time the measurement were collected. The annotations are reported in the optional experiments entry in the ping_info section of all pings.

##### Experiment annotations are not persisted

The experiment annotations set through this API are not persisted by the Glean SDKs. The application or consuming library is responsible for setting the relevant experiment annotations at each run.

##### It's not required to define experiment IDs and branches

Experiment IDs and branches don't need to be pre-defined in the Glean SDK registry files. Please also note that the extra map is a non-nested arbitrary String to String map. It also has limits on the size of the keys and values defined below.

## Recording API

### setExperimentActive

Annotates Glean pings with experiment data.

// Annotate Glean pings with experiments data.
Glean.setExperimentActive(
experimentId = "blue-button-effective",
branch = "branch-with-blue-button",
extra: mapOf(
"buttonLabel" to "test"
)
)

// Annotate Glean pings with experiments data.
Glean.shared.setExperimentActive(
experimentId: "blue-button-effective",
branch: "branch-with-blue-button",
extra: ["buttonLabel": "test"]
)

from glean import Glean

Glean.set_experiment_active(
experiment_id="blue-button-effective",
branch="branch-with-blue-button",
extra={
"buttonLabel": "test"
}
)

let mut extra = HashMap::new();
extra.insert("buttonLabel".to_string(), "test".to_string());
glean::set_experiment_active(
"blue-button-effective".to_string(),
"branch-with-blue-button".to_string(),
Some(extra),
);


C++

##### At present there is no dedicated C++ Experiments API for Firefox Desktop

If you require one, please file a bug.

JavaScript

let FOG = Cc["@mozilla.org/toolkit/glean;1"].createInstance(Ci.nsIFOG);
FOG.setExperimentActive(
"blue-button-effective",
"branch-with-blue-button",
{"buttonLabel": "test"}
);


#### Limits

• experimentId, branch, and the keys and values of the extra field are fixed at a maximum length of 100 bytes. Longer strings are truncated. (Specifically, length is measured in the number of bytes when the string is encoded in UTF-8.)
• extra map is limited to 20 entries. If passed a map which contains more elements than this, it is truncated to 20 elements. WARNING Which items are truncated is nondeterministic due to the unordered nature of maps. What's left may not necessarily be the first elements added.

#### Recorded errors

• invalid_value: If the values of experimentId or branch are truncated for length, if the keys or values in the extra map are truncated for length, or if the extra map is truncated for the number of elements.

### setExperimentInactive

Removes the experiment annotation. Should be called when the experiment ends.

Glean.setExperimentInactive("blue-button-effective")

Glean.shared.setExperimentInactive(experimentId: "blue-button-effective")

from glean import Glean

Glean.set_experiment_inactive("blue-button-effective")

glean::set_experiment_inactive("blue-button-effective".to_string());


C++

##### At present there is no dedicated C++ Experiments API for Firefox Desktop

If you require one, please file a bug.

JavaScript

let FOG = Cc["@mozilla.org/toolkit/glean;1"].createInstance(Ci.nsIFOG);
FOG.setExperimentInactive("blue-button-effective");


## Testing API

### testIsExperimentActive

Reveals if the experiment is annotated in Glean pings.

assertTrue(Glean.testIsExperimentActive("blue-button-effective"))

XCTAssertTrue(Glean.shared.testIsExperimentActive(experimentId: "blue-button-effective"))

from glean import Glean

assert Glean.test_is_experiment_active("blue-button-effective")

assert!(glean::test_is_experiment_active("blue-button-effective".to_string());


### testGetExperimentData

Returns the recorded experiment data including branch and extras.

assertEquals(
"branch-with-blue-button", Glean.testGetExperimentData("blue-button-effective")?.branch
)

XCTAssertEqual(
"branch-with-blue-button",
Glean.testGetExperimentData(experimentId: "blue-button-effective")?.branch
)

from glean import Glean

assert (
"branch-with-blue-button" ==
Glean.test_get_experiment_data("blue-button-effective").branch
)

assert_eq!(
"branch-with-blue-button",
glean::test_get_experiment_data("blue-button-effective".to_string()).branch,
);


C++

##### At present there is no dedicated C++ Experiments API for Firefox Desktop

If you require one, please file a bug.

JavaScript

let FOG = Cc["@mozilla.org/toolkit/glean;1"].createInstance(Ci.nsIFOG);
Assert.equals(
"branch-with-blue-button",
FOG.testGetExperimentData("blue-button-effective").branch
);